Emergency Medical Services treat illness and injuries that require immediate response out of the hospital and facilitate quick transport to the definitive care. Ambulance services are so equipped to rescue the life of people under critical circumstances. Every emergency medical service team spend adequate amount to get their ambulance equipped with ultra modern facilities. Normally the first stage of the plan is providing first aid at the scene and for those who need urgent medical care, is moved to the nearest medical units, mostly to the emergency department of the hospital or clinic.
To enable immediate response in emergency situations, certain equipments and supplies are mandatory for an ambulance vehicle. Normally these are classified into two, Basic Life support ambulance and Advanced Life support ambulance. ALS ambulances are equipped with more pre-hospital care equipment and tools. Most widely used tools in both ambulances are Pulse oximeter, suction apparatus, and Oxygen supply, Defibrillator, Sphygmomanometer, Cardiac Pacemaker and Nebulizer.
Some Emergency Medical Service agencies also operate non- emergency medical transport service which include technical rescue operations such as extrication, water rescue, and search and rescue as well. In some extreme cases, equipments like Trauma Board, ventilators and Kendrick Extrication Device are employed for safe removal of people from the incident sites. Trauma boards are designed to give patients rigid support to the spinal cord if suspected to have spinal injury. These can help to carry patients to a safe spot from the incident area without causing any further injuries to the spine. Normally during accidents, patients find it extremely hard to breathe, in such conditions oxygen supply is facilitated through Ventilators. Kendrick extrication Device is of great use in case of removing patients from the vehicles that met with accidents. The semi-rigid brace equipment helps to hold the neck, head and torso in a neutral position so as to reduce additional injuries in case of extrication out of the vehicle or even from confined spaces.